DETERMINATION OF THE GENETIC RESOURCES OF LOCAL GRAPES GENOTYPES (Vitis vinifera subsp. sativa) IN KAYSERI REGION
Kayseri, which is the cradle of many civilizations, is one of the oldest and most ancient settlements of Anatolia retained its importance from past to present. Kayseri, which is folk songs written on behalf of it’ s name; such as; Gesi Bağları, Erkilet Bağları, İncesu Bağları etc., is a city with a well-known vineyard background, famous for its vineyards and grapes. On the other hand, due to the fact that the studies on the collection of local grape genotypes in Kayseri remain very limited, the grape genetic potential of the region has not been determined. Especially in recent years, giving up the cultivation of local genotypes with commercial concerns, the increase of urbanization and the shift of this increase to vineyard areas, the cultivation of local grape genotypes of Kayseri is decreasing day by day. If these valuable gene resources are not protected, they will be lost in the following years. This study was carried out in the vineyards areas and home gardens in Kayseri province and its districts in 2018 and 23 different regions were investigated in the center, district, and village. At the end of the study, a total of 174 local genotypes known by local people and grown for many years were determined. In the collected genotypes, from the point of their local name, 55 different genotypes were determined. In addition, the local grape genotypes belonging to Kayseri region will be correctly reproduced as true to type and a core collection vineyard will be established and the loss of the vine genetic resources will be prevented with this study.
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