EVALUATION OF INTRODUCED MAIZE VARIETIES UNDER TROPICAL AGRO ECOSYSTEM ENVIRONMENT OF MOGADISHU, SOMALIA

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Authors

  • Mohamed Mursal Ibrahım Erciyes University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Field Crops Department, Kayseri, Türkiye
  • Abdullahi Sugal Hassan Zamzam University of Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Halim Kesici Bilecik-Osmaneli District Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry, Osmaneli, Türkiye
  • Abdikadar Abdirahman Abdi Zamzam University of Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Mohamed Said Erciyes University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Field Crops Department, Kayseri, Türkiye

Keywords:

Maize, Morphological characteristics, High yield variety.

Abstract

Maize or corn (Zea Mays L) is one of the world’s most significant crops for food security, cultivated for human consumption and animal feeding, and in recent years, is progressively playing an essential role as a source of biofuel. Maize is cultivated in a wide range of environmental conditions due to its more comprehensive range of adaptability. The main objectives of the study were to explore the Evaluation of Introduced Maize Varieties Under the Tropical Agro Ecosystem Environment of Somalia to evaluate maize varieties for yield and yield components of introduced maize varieties, as well as to find out the Suitable Variety of Maize for Southern Somalia of introduced maize. The experiment was conducted at The Agricultural Experimental and Research Center, Faculty of Agriculture of Zamzam University of Science and Technology, around the Garasbaaleey area. The experiment started at the beginning of (the Xagaa) season from August 2019 to December 2019. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block (RCB) Design with Three replications. Each replication consists of 6 plots, which generally makes 18 in all replications. The experiment consisted of five introduced maize varieties and one variety of local maize (Somtex, Rx9292, Tuscant, Hioo, Antex, and Adasa16. Five were imported from Turkey. Another one is the local Somtex. In terms of morphological characteristics, ‘ANTEX’ demonstrated the best among the varieties, followed by ‘SOMTEX,’ ‘ADASA16’, and ‘TUSCANT,’ which displayed promptly; nevertheless, ‘HIOO’ and ‘RX9292’ recorded the lowest morphological parameters among the varieties. HIOO’ and ‘RX9292 was the variety with the lowest morphological parameters. Regarding Yield and yield components, ‘ANTEX’ was documented as having the best yield and yield components among the varieties. This was followed by ‘RX9292’ and, ‘TUSCANT’, ‘HIOO,’ displayed intermediate, while the varieties Local Variety ‘SOMTEX’and ‘ADASA16’ were documented as having the lowest yield and yield component among the varieties.

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Published

2023-10-03

How to Cite

Ibrahım, M. M., Hassan, A. S. ., Kesici, H. ., Abdi, A. A., & Said, M. . (2023). EVALUATION OF INTRODUCED MAIZE VARIETIES UNDER TROPICAL AGRO ECOSYSTEM ENVIRONMENT OF MOGADISHU, SOMALIA. International Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 16(2), 147–156. Retrieved from https://ijans.org/index.php/ijans/article/view/721

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Research Articles