DEVELOPMENT Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. f. sp. melongenae RESISTANT “YAMULA” EGGPLANT USING MAS (MARKER ASSISTED SELECTION) AND ANTHER CULTURE METHODAbstract views: 262 / PDF downloads: 152
Eggplant (Solanum melongenae L.) is one of the most important vegetables in the world in the Solanaceae family after potato and tomato for production. Especially Kayseri and its vicinity has an important part in “Yamula” eggplant production. While new diseases and pests appear, it limitted the production. Fusarium wilt is an important problem for eggplants as in other plant species. There is no effective fight against Fusarium wilt. In this study, 3 Yamula eggplant genotype and 80 wild eggplant genotypes which are thought to be resistant to fusarium, were used as plant material. 3 Yamula eggplant and 4 wild eggplant genotypes were determined resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae by the marker associated selection. Resistant-sensitive plant distribution was determined in BC1F1 generations obtained from backcrosses of the line of Yamula eggplants crossing with resistant genotypes. Haploid plants were obtained from the resistant hybrids using anther culture. By chromosome doubling, a homozygous DH haploid plant was obtained in a single generation which resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae
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